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Government to form integrated team to resolve 'alleged' past human rights violations
Kata Data - July 30, 2018
Coordinating Minister for Security, Politics and Legal Affairs (Polhukam) Wiranto said that the team would be made up of stakeholders from related government ministries and institutions as well as the National Human Rights Commission (Komnas HAM). Other non-profit organisations will also be invited to hold discussions with the team.
"We will dissect them one by one [to find] where the obstacles are. Perhaps pro-justice or perhaps non-judicial. [If it's] non-judicial how will it be done", said Wiranto at his office in Jakarta on Monday July 30.
Wiranto said that the government has still not resolved any cases of alleged past human rights violations because of it has been hampered by many obstacles.
One of the obstacles is proving the case in the eyes of the law. Although there has indeed been investigations by Komnas HAM into cases of alleged past human rights violations, the results failed to meet the requirements to be investigated by the Attorney General's Office (AGO).
If another investigation is carried out, Wiranto believes that this would be difficult because the incidents happened a long time ago. "It's very difficult to find out who is guilty and accountable", said Wiranto.
Furthermore, he believes that another obstacle is because no Ad Hoc Human Rights Court exists. According to Wiranto, Komnas HAM should not have handed the results of the investigations directly to the AGO.
Wiranto believes that the investigation results should be given to the House of Representatives (DPR) so they can be discussed first. This is so the DPR can later make a recommendation to the president to form an Ad Hoc Human Rights Court.
Meanwhile Wiranto believes that right now efforts to resolve alleged past human rights violations non-judicially would be difficult to do because it would conflict with Law Number 20/2000 on the Human Rights Court. The other problem is that no institutions exists which can resolve the cases without going through the courts.
"Before there was the KKR (Truth and Reconciliation Commission), but it has already been disbanded because it wasn't in accordance with legislation. So there must be something to accommodate this", he said.
In 2015 the government raised the issue of forming a team to investigate past human rights cases. There were at least seven cases that have been prioritised, namely the 1965 anti-communist purge, the Talangsari massacre in 1989, the Wamena killings in 2003, the Wasior killings in 2001, the abduction of activists in 1997-98, the mysterious shootings in 1983 and 1985 and the May riots in Jakarta in 1998.
So far there have been no concrete steps taken to resolve these human rights cases.
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